TINGIN SA TINGI (2)

DUMPSITE

Kulang sa political will o nabahiran ng katiwalaan

(Ni Mac Cabreros)

NOON pa mang 2000, gumawa na nang hakbang ang pamahalaan upang mapigilan ang paglaki ng problema sa basura lalo na sa plastic kaya’t naipasa ang Republic Act 9003 o Ecological Solid Waste na nag-aatas sa mga lokal na pamahalaan upang gumawa ng  tamang hakbang upang mapigilan ang paglaki at pagtambak ng mga problema sa basura kabilang na rito ang pagpapasara sa mga open dumpsite. Naitatag din ang National Solid Waste Management Commission na magtitiyak maipatupad ang nasabing batas.

Napapaloob sa RA 9003 ang pagre-recycle, pagse-se­gregate at pagpapasara sa mga dump sites.

“Many secondary cities do not have waste collection at all,” pahayag Froilan Grate, executive director Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives – Philippines.

Sinabi naman ni Von Hernandez, global coordinator ng Break Free From Plastic Movement, bagaman bahagi ng mandato ng RA 9003 ang recycling, segregating, closure of dump sites, nananatili pa rin ang mga ito at ang masaklap ay malapit pa sila sa mga katawang tubig tulad ng Manila Bay at Laguna de Bay.

“It is common sense that these should be shut down – yet there they are, still existing,” ayon kay Hernandez na nagpahayag din na  kakulangan sa political will o posibleng nababahiran ng katiwalian ang implementasyon kaya hindi ito ganap nakakamit ang adhikain ng naturang batas.

Pumutok ang plastic waste sa Filipinas noong 1970’s nang simulan ng mga manufacturer ang paggamit ng single use plastic gaya ng shampoo, toothpaste, creams, soaps, crackers, nuts at iba pang foodstuffs. Lumaganap ang ‘tingi culture’ sa buhay Pinoy kung saan inaakalang makatitipid ito sa gastusin.

“Waste management is just a small part of the solution,” diin Grate. “Yes, cities should do their part in waste management through collection, composting, recycling … but even if all cities comply with RA 9003, there will be residual waste. So companies should start using alternatives that are manageable for communities,” dugtong nito.

Sinabi pa nina Hernandez at Grate na dapat sumunod ang mga kompanya lalo ang mga manufacturer sa batas at maki­bahagi sa extended producer responsibility strategy para mabawasan o maibsan ang problema sa basurang plastik.

“We have RA 9003; what we don’t have is a law that mandates producers to be res­ponsible for the products and packaging that they are bringing to the market,” diin Hernandez.

“These companies have made the decision to make these materials, knowing full well there is no infrastructure to dispose of them. So it’s not a consumer problem but a corporate problem.”

“Single-use plastic is ubi­quitous, but it lasts forever. Recycling cannot be the answer, so we need to change the system,” pahayag Dianna Cohen, co-founder at CEO ng Plastic Pollution Coalition.

“Until large companies take responsibility for their actions, plastics will continue to blight the natural environment. Instead of relying on [local governments] and the efforts of environmental organizations, these companies, which are making a lot of money from consumers, should invest in their own long-term solutions,” dugtong Grate.

“Metro Manila alone spends seven billion pesos [US$130 million] a year to dispose of waste – garbage that big corporations are making money with. It is not right for them to pass the burden to the government and communities.” Pagtatapos  ni Grate.­

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